Company Share Option Plan (CSOP)

The Company Share Option Plan (“CSOP”) is a tax-advantaged share option plan that can help reward selected participants for their long-term contribution to their business.

Download free CSOP Fact Sheet

About the Company Share Option Plan

As a share option plan, the CSOP offers selected participants the opportunity to purchase shares at a specified time and price defined by an employer.

Individual performance and retention conditions can be built in, helping to ensure rewards are only distributed when key corporate objectives have been met.

Each selected participant can hold CSOP options over shares with a value of up to £30,000 based on the market value at the date of the grant.

Companies which fail to meet the qualifying criteria for the more favourable Enterprise Management Incentive (“EMI”) scheme may wish to consider implementing a Company Share Option Plan as part of their benefits package.

ESS for Private Companies Book
Employee Share Schemes for Private Companies

Benefits of a Company Share Option Plan

  • Motivate participants to work beyond short-term goals
  • Reward participants on a tax-advantaged basis
  • Protect current shareholders from immediate dilution and loss of control
  • Promote long-term retention of key employees
  • Encourage growth by linking awards to performance conditions
  • Provide a framework to include new participants, if required
  • Attract top candidates to companies
  • Minimise risk for participants
Watch a recorded webinar Employee Share Schemes for Private Companies Webinar

How we can help

At RM2, we believe in taking a consultative approach to building share plans and finding out precisely what our clients are looking to achieve. This approach helps us to deliver a professional and effective service, helping clients meet their goals and plan for the future. Our highly experienced team are well positioned to guide your company through every stage of the share scheme process, including:

1. Strategic review

The design will flow from your objectives, so the more precise you are the better. What is your business plan, and what you need from your employees to execute this plan successfully? Do you want to focus people on an exit? Do you want to reward all employees as a team? Do you have just one key recruit in mind? We will ask you lots of questions to tease out your objectives.

2. Plan design

At this stage, you will need to decide on any rights and conditions to attach to shares, such as performance conditions and leaver provisions. Don’t worry: we’ll recommend features for you. A key decision is the amount of equity you want to set aside for share schemes. We’ll help you with an indicative valuation and some equity modelling.

3. Shareholder resolutions

Once the design and modelling are complete, we will work through your company structure and identify what changes need to be approved by shareholders. We will then prepare resolutions to be passed and work with you to obtain approval from shareholders.

4. Articles of association

The core of a share scheme is the set of rights and restrictions attaching to shares, and these are set out in the articles of association. We will prepare amendments so that these rights and restrictions strike the right balance between delivering value to employees and protecting the interests of other shareholders.

5. Share valuations

The share valuation can have an enormous impact on how employees are motivated and the tax treatment of the shares. We will prepare a valuation and agree this with HMRC. Just as importantly, we can help you understand the meaning and implications of that valuation, and how you should adapt your strategy according to the result.

6. Employee communications

Communicating information about your share scheme to all the participants is vital its success. As standard, we will provide all clients with easy-to-follow notes explaining your scheme. We can provide further help and guidance on how to effectively promote your scheme if you wish.

7. Share Plan administration

Once your scheme is implemented it will need to be administered to ensure it remains compliant. We have the most experienced Operations team for share schemes in the UK, so you can be confident that your scheme is in capable hands.

8. Ongoing support

We try to be as proactive as possible when it comes to monitoring your scheme’s performance. We can help improve any equity-based arrangements. You and we are always learning.

Employee Share Scheme Aftercare

Once an employee share scheme is setup, it is vital that it is administered effectively to ensure that:

  • your share plans remain compliant
  • all relevant documents are filed online with HMRC
    the intended tax benefits are achieved
  • employees are kept aware of their awards and the benefits
  • your share plans remain relevant

What our clients say

Susan Ralphs

Susan Ralphs
Executive Director, The Ethical Property Company
We are happy with RM2, they have provided the appropriate system enabling us to reward staff with company shares in the most tax efficient way. RM2 staff are always prompt and helpful in our dealings with them.

Next steps

We have successfully designed, implemented and administered over 1,150 share plans across a range of sectors, so you can rest assured your plan will be in the best possible hands.

If you would like to find out more about how a Company Share Option Plan can help your business, why not call a member of our team directly on 020 8949 5522, request a callback using the button located at the top of the page, download our fact sheet or send an email to

Relevant resources


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Fact Sheets

Download a fact sheet about any employee share scheme